Bhutan Flag

Brief History. A Lamaistic Buddhist theocracy was established in Bhutan in the 16th century. Bhutan came under the domination of the British in India in 1865. after signing the Treaty of Sinchulu, under which Bhutan would receive an annual subsidy in exchange for ceding some border land. It became a British protectorate in 1910. After India was granted independence from Great Britain, it granted Bhutan independence in 1947.

picture of Bhutan flag

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Country Information

Local name: Bhutan

Capital: Thimphu

Population: 2,279,723

Government: monarchy; special treaty relationship with India

Currency: ngultrum (BTN); Indian rupee (INR)

Land size: 47,000 sq km

Topography: mostly mountainous with some fertile valleys and savanna

Typical foods:

Major exports: electricity (to India), cardamom, gypsum, timber, handicrafts, cement, fruit, precious stones, spices

Information on the People

Official language: Dzongkha

Other languages spoken: Bhotes speak various Tibetan dialects, Nepalese speak various Nepalese dialects

Religions: Lamaistic Buddhist 75%, Indian- and Nepalese-influenced Hinduism 25%

Literacy rate: 47%

Male/Female Ratio: 1.07 male(s) to every 1 female

Life expectancy: 54.78 years

Ethnic groups: Bhote 50%, ethnic Nepalese 35% (includes Lhotsampas - one of several Nepalese ethnic groups), indigenous or migrant tribes 15%

Internet users: 20,000

Famous people:


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